About 25% of men (approximately 40 million men in the U.S.) begin balding by age 30 and two-thirds begin losing hair by age 60, according to the American Medical Association. 95 percent of all cases are due to male or female pattern baldness (Androgenetic Alopecia). The condition, caused by androgens in genetically susceptible men and women, is more common in males.
In men, baldness patterns vary, and can be anything from a receding hairline, to loss of hair on the top of the head. Women tend to have thinning hair, often worse in the middle top of the head where the scalp may become visible.
FDA Approved Treatments
Currently, there are two FDA-approved medications for treating hair loss:
- Propecia® is available by prescription only and is taken orally. It works by reducing the production of a hormone called Dihydro-Testosterone (DHT), which is known to cause hair loss. Propecia® is recommended only for men.
- Rogaine® is a topical solution that works by stimulating the hair follicle and keeping it in the growth phase.